How to grow Chillies

| June 4, 2011 | 0 Comments
How to grow chillies

Chillies

How to grow chillies in Perth

Chillies (Capsicum frutescens) originate from South and Central America. They are members of the Solanaceae family. Plants are bushy, roughly 55–85 cm high and are semi-perennials that are grown as annuals in cultivation. Chilli varieties may occur in many shapes, sizes and colours, and have a range of heat. If you have ever wondered how to grow Chillies in Perth well it’s so simple anyone can do it.

Chillies are well suited to growing in most regions of WA where there is strong summer sun and heat. Often their true flavour is not fully appreciated due to their intense heat. Chilli have flavours ranging from nutty through smoky to fruity so selecting a chilli with a heat level that suits your palate is key.

Climate:
Optimum temperatures for fruit setting are between 16°C and 21°C. For good fruit development, night temperatures of 15–17°C and day temperatures of 24–30°C are best. Perth’s arid climate means you can plant chillies any time of the year.

Varieties:
Choose according to ‘heat’ or seed. Popular choices include ‘Jalapeno’, ‘Cayenne’ or ‘Habanero’.

Planting:
Sow in punnets and plant out in 5-6 weeks. Seeds should be planted at a depth approximately 3 times the diameter of the seed.

Chillies can be planted straight into regular garden soil, but will benefit from some well – composted manure or compost being blended through at planting time.

Sandy soils should be improved with the addition of quality compost or manure.

The Addition of a controlled-release fertiliser at planting time will also assist your chillies growth.

Problems affecting chillies:
Chillies have very few pest and disease problems. Aphids may attack new growth, and fruit fly may sting ripening fruit.

Storing:
Chillies are best eat fresh however if you do have excess they freeze quiet well simply wash, dry, and freeze whole. Alternatively chillies can be pickled allowing you to have crisp flavoursome chilli all year round.

If you have any tips on how to grow chillies in Perth then share them in comments section below.


Category: Vegetable Garden

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