How to grow Mangoes in Perth
Mango trees usually are around 8-12m tall, 5-7m wide with dark green leaves. They like a warm, sheltered position and well-drained soil and they do best in the tropics and subtropics, although they’re well worth a try in Perth. Mangoes as well as being delicious are a rich source of vitamins and minerals, particularly vitamin C, and fibre.
The most common variety in Perth is Kensington Pride, however Irwin, Florigon, Haden, R2E2, Alphonso are all suitable to a Perth climate. Trees can take up to three years before they commence fruiting but in year four it is possible to harvest 50+ fruit and in year five 100+ fruit.
The R2E2 variety has huge fruit compared to Kensington Pride, often growing to more than one kilogram in weight and having a juice factor guaranteed to make you wish you had chose to sit in a bath and eat it.
Mangoes thrive in hot, dry conditions . Mangoes are evergreen trees and have few pests of any consequence. In the first couple of years it is wise to pick the flower heads off to encourage the tree to develop a strong frame to hold the fruit. Mango trees like their fertiliser, so feed young trees in spring and late summer with Dynamic Lifter or a complete plant food (eg, citrus food). The trees initially require a good hand watering three times a week but after a couple of summers they can be reduced to one soaking a week and then occasional watering. Late spring (around October/November) is the best time to plant all tropical fruit trees, including mangoes.
The trees traditionally grow to a large size, often reaching 8-12m high over 20 years, with a 5-7m spread however there are dwarf varieties available. Irwin, for instance, which will grow well in a half wine barrel and produce high-quality succulent fruit.
Mangoes will ripen more slowly in cooler spots such as Perth, compared with tropical zones. In summer, watch the skin colour: when it starts to turn from green to yellow, sometimes orange or red, they’re ripening. Once picked you can ripen mangoes at room temperature inside the house, and once fully ripe they can be refrigerated for several days.
Enrich the soil you plant your mangoes into with high organic matter. The key to fast growth and establishment success is nutrient availability for the trees, along with soil moisture consistency. Newly planted trees also need protection from hot and cold wind, frost etc. Provide protection for at least 1 or 2 years.
Tell us your tips on how to grow mangoes in Perth in the comments section below.
Category: Vegetable Garden